Completion of first-year requirements, including the following:

Calculus 1000A/B or Calculus 1500A/B plus Calculus 1501A/B (or Calculus 1301A/B with a mark of at least 85%); Mathematics 1600A/B; 1.0 course from Psychology 1000, Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A, Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B, Sociology 1020; plus 0.5 other principal course, with no mark less than 60% in any of the 3.0 principal courses.

Recommended (but not required) first-year courses: Statistical Sciences 1024A/B and/or Statistical Sciences 1023A/B.

**Please note**: Applied Mathematics 1413 may be substituted for Calculus requirements. tỷ lệ cá độ bóng đáApplied Mathematics 1411A/B may be substituted for Mathematics 1600A/B. Mathematics 1600A/B (or Applied Mathematics 1411A/B), if not taken in the first year, must be completed prior to the second term of second year.

**Module **6.0 courses:

**3.0 courses**: Statistical Sciences 2857A/B, Statistical Sciences 2858A/B, Statistical Sciences 2864A/B, Statistical Sciences 3843A/B, Statistical Sciences 3850F/G, Statistical Sciences 3859A/B.**0.5 course:** Calculus 2402A/B.**0.5 course** from: Biology 2290F/G, Sociology 2206A/B, Psychology 2800E**.**0.5 course**: Epidemiology 2200A/B or the former Epidemiology and Biostatistics 3330B.**1.0 course** from: Applied Mathematics 2402A, Applied Mathematics 3615A/B, Financial Modelling 3817A/B (or the former Applied Mathematics 3817A/B); Psychology 3800F/G, Psychology 3840F/G; Sociology 2236A/B, Sociology 4441A/B; Statistical Sciences 4846A/B, Statistical Sciences 4850F/G, Statistical Sciences 4853A/B, or any approved Statistics course at the 3000-level or higher.**0.5 course** from: Statistical Sciences 4846A/B, Statistical Sciences 4853A/B.

Calculus 2402A/B may be replaced by either Calculus 2502A/B and Calculus 2503A/B, or Calculus 2502A/B and the former Mathematics 2123A/B. When such a replacement occurs, the module will include 6.5 courses.

** Psychology 2800E may be used to fulfill this 0.5 course requirement and in these cases the module will consist of 6.5 courses.

This module can only be completed in a four-year (honors or non-honors) degree.